The negative effects of fracking on our environment
Prevention or Mitigation While many state agencies function more as facilitators of fossil energy development than regulators, federal guardians of public health are also vulnerable to 'getting into bed' with big business, literally.
Storage of the waste water is currently under the regulatory jurisdiction of states, many of whom have weak to nonexistent policies protecting the environment. Water mixed with sand, salts, detergents and other chemicals are pumped at a high pressure into the well.
In Pennsylvania, Colorado, Ohio and Wyoming, fracking has been linked to drinking water contamination and property damage.
Some of it may be consumed through plants if there are any consumable plants at the region, if any survive. The authors propose careful geologic study of those areas where wastewater injection occurs, since it is believed by geologists that the millions of gallons of fluids forced underground at high pressure can trigger earthquakes.
Why is fracking bad
Air pollution is not the only environmental health hazard either. What is Fracking? When a well is hydraulically fractured, somewhere between 18 and 80 percent of the frack fluid injected into the well will return to the surface. It shows the spatial properties of the abandoned well as well as its distance from the hydraulic fracture are the most important factors influencing the vertical flow of fracturing fluid into groundwater aquifers. The truck traffic needed to deliver water to a single fracking well causes as much damage to local roads as nearly 3. Chronic exposure can cause a variety of serious respiratory illnesses, including an incurable lung disease called silicosis. Air Pollution Methane is one of the major gases released from fracking wells and it is twenty five percent more potent than carbon dioxide in terms of greenhouse effect. Scientists found methane contamination of drinking water associated with shale-gas extraction. Another scenario for contamination to occur is by faulty design or construction of the cement well casings--something that happened in the BP Gulf blowout disaster. By Melissa Horton Updated May 8, The oil and gas industry has been expanding consistently for decades due, in part, to the advances in technology in the processes of extracting, transporting and delivering the commodities. Geological Survey, tasked with further sampling of the EPA wells, tested one of two EPA monitoring wells near Pavilion the other well the USGS considered unsuitable for collecting water samples and found evidence of methane, ethane, diesel compounds and phenol,  In June , the EPA announced that it was closing its investigation at Pavilion, and would not finish or seek peer review of its preliminary study. Volatile organic compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons found around wells affect normal fetal development by impairing the formation of the heart and neurological system. They also highlight the "side effect" of air pollution and the resulting irriversable damage to lung tissue, along with damage to vegetation in the surrounding area.
Howarth of Cornell University. Risks to Wildlife: Fish and birds can be put at risk by fracking activities in a couple of ways. Radium has a half life of over 1, years and is produced from Uranium, which has a much longer half life.
This report was cited in the full hydraulic fracturing water report now open for peer review  though not directly addressed in the contents of the EPA spill data report.
based on 84 review