History of bhakti movement

Given the injunctions against intermingling, Nanak frequently travelled with Mardana, a lower-caste Mirasi a community of dancers and singers. They emphasized the virtues of love and devotion, brotherhood and equality etc.

Bhakti movement deals with the Indian response to face a new challenge that appeared in the form of Islamic religion.

They were very liberal minded.

essay on bhakti movement

For instance the followers of Kabir came to be known as Kabir Panthis. He composed many lyrics and his bhajans and kirtans were famous.

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The leading light of the Rama cult was saint-poet Tulsidas. Among all these, absolute monotheism or equality of all men greatly appealed to the Hindus, especially the Sudras who were the worst sufferers and had no religious freedom.

Bhakti movement notes

Fear of spread of Islam 4. Bhakti soon spread to North India, appearing most notably in the 10th-century Sanskrit text the Bhagavata-purana. Henceforth, importance was given to devotion and love for God who is the God of all-God of both Hindus as well as Muslims. Though the movement originated in the South, very soon North India came under its spell. Guru Nanak's gospel was for all men. Followers of Bhakti movement in 12th and 13th Century included saints such as Bhagat Namdev, and Saint Kabir Das, who insisted on the devotional singing of praises of lord through their own compositions. The new idea of a life of charity and service to fellow people developed. She was from a 16th-century aristocratic family in Rajasthan. Following are the major changes that took place during and after the Bhakti movement: 1. Their poems, compiled as Alwar Arulicheyalgal or Divya Prabhandham , developed into an influential scripture for the Vaishnavas.

The Bhakti saints strongly denounce image-worship of the Hindus. Their efforts ultimately helped spread bhakti poetry and ideas throughout India by the 12th—18th century CE.

Nirguna bhakti saints

Kabir Nanak and Chaitanya preached in their respective vernacular tongues — Kabir in Hindi, Nanak in Gurmukhi and chaitanya in Bengali. The Hindu saints of India were influenced by the liberal approach of Sufism. Several Hindus became followers of the Sufi saints but without relinquishing their own religion. The two parallel movements based on the doctrines of love and selfless devotion contributed a great deal to bringing the two communities closer together. Positive principles of truthfulness, non-violence, harmony, morality and humanistic values were their creed and motto. The teachings of Ramananda, Kabirand Guru Nanak. He denounced idolatry and rituals and laid great emphasis on the equality of man before God. They strongly believed in Bhakti as the only means of salvation. The movement probably began in the Tamil region around the 6th and 7th century AD and achieved a great deal of popularity through the poems of the Alvars and Nayanars, the Vaishnavite and Shaivite poets. The movement tried to reduce the growing bitterness between the two and bridge the gap. The other prominent feature of Bhakti movement was its emphasis on Bhakti or devotion to God as the only means to achieve salvation. Even some of the prominent rulers of India became ardent followers of these religions. Importance of the Bhakti Movement The importance of the Bhakti movement was very great. Ranade, in his book, The Rise of Maratha Power, sums up the deep impact of this spiritual awakening.

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Bhakti movement