Copying the Code also appears to have been a popular assignment for scribes-in-training. Indus Valley civilization[ edit ] By BC a pre-Harappan culture emerged, with trade networks including lapis lazuli and other raw materials.
Soon after, the Assyrians existed only in the history books. Their innovations in the design of chariots, moving the wheel to the centre from the back, gave them a military advantage over other civilizations.
Another point of note is that the first international peace treaty was signed by the Hittites and the Egyptians after the Battle of Kadesh. In BC, Gautama Buddha gained enlightenment and thus founded Buddhism, which was initially intended as a supplement to the existing Hindu Vedic dharma.
The dramatic change came with the birth of publicly supported prisons or penitentiaries that allowed extended incarceration for large numbers of people Banner, There is also evidence of sea-going craft.
These crimes, of course, would not have occurred were capital punishment imposed, and, so, the death penalty does prevent commission of some serious crimes. As with other facets of the institution of the death penalty, there is disagreement about the import of such practical challenges for the moral justification of capital punishment.
One version of this kind of approach emphasizes that, with capital punishment, a community is expressing strong disapproval or condemnation of the misconduct.
Shunga Dynasty[ edit ] The Sunga dynasty was established in BC, about 50 years after Ashoka's death, when the king Brihadratha, the last of the Mauryan rulers, was brutally murdered by the then commander-in-chief of the Mauryan armed forces, Pusyamitra Sunga, while he was taking the Guard of Honour of his forces.