The child labour in small, unorganized sector operations suffered long working hours, low wages, unsafe conditions and tiring schedules. While there has been a decrease in children working in factories because of enforcement and community vigilance committees, the report claims poverty still compels children and poor families to work.
Macroeconomic causes encouraged widespread child labour across the world, over most of human history.
The policy of the government is to ban employment of children below the age of fourteen years in factories, mines and hazardous employment and to regulate the working conditions of children in other employment. Between boys and girls, UNICEF finds girls are two times more likely to be out of school and working in a domestic role.
Additionally, India contributes 95 percent of the emeralds, 85 percent of the rubies, and 65 percent of the sapphires worldwide. Children perform a variety of jobs: some work in factories, making products such as carpets and matches; others work on plantations, or in the home.
For boys the type of work is very different because they often work long hours doing hard physical labor outside of the home for very small wages. This act also attempted to regulate working conditions in the jobs that it permitted, and put greater emphasis on health and safety standards.
Each child or the parent had taken an advance of Rs. They find that smallholder plots of land are labour-intensively farmed since small plots cannot productively afford expensive farming equipment.
Though most children begin working at a young age due to economic reasons, doing so allows them to break from some social constraints. It envisioned strict enforcement of Indian laws on child labour combined with development programs to address the root causes of child labour such as poverty.